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A Woman Is a Sometime Thing - Conductor's Score eBook: Dorothy Heyward, DuBose Heyward, George Gershwin, Ira Gershwin, William Zinn:
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IMSLP does not assume any sort of legal responsibility or liability for the consequences of downloading files that are not in the public domain in your country. Naxos Javascript not enabled. Work Title Porgy and Bess Alt ernative.

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Copyright Information Although purely instrumental selections and arrangements are permitted for this piece items containing any text by the author s listed below cannot be added to the main server until January 1, Items with text first published before or otherwise confirmed as public domain in the United States can be uploaded to the USA server only. Period Early 20th century Piece Style Early 20th century Instrumentation Voices, Chorus, Orchestra Roles blacks Porgy, a disabled beggar bass-baritone Bess, Crown's girl soprano Crown, a tough stevedore baritone Sporting Sportin' Life, a dope peddler tenor Robbins, an inhabitant of Catfish Row tenor Serena, Robbins's wife soprano ake, a fisherman baritone Clara, Jake's wife soprano Maria, keeper of the cook-shop contralto Mingo tenor Peter, the honey man tenor Lily, Peter's wife soprano Frazier, a "lawyer" baritone Annie mezzo-soprano Strawberry woman, a street vendor mezzo-soprano Jim, a cotton picker baritone Undertaker baritone Nelson tenor Crab man, a street vendor tenor Scipio, a small boy boy soprano Roles whites, all spoken Mr.

Operas ; Theatrical Works ; For voices, mixed chorus, orchestra ; Scores featuring the voice ; Scores featuring mixed chorus ; Scores featuring the orchestra ; For voices and chorus with orchestra ; English language ; For piano arr ; For 1 player ; Scores featuring the piano ; For 2 pianos arr ; For 2 players.

Contents 1 Performances 1. Arranger Beryl Rubinstein Gergiev sat in a chair, generally immobile. His left hand did little but was used occasionally to point and to cut chords off. His fingers were usually outstretched, palms down, and his wrist cocked upward at face level.

Sometimes he formed an O. As the tempo sped up, his wrist tended to become floppier.

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In an interview Mr. Gergiev suggested that waggling his hand, which he called a habit, might have derived from playing the piano. A baton can work against a singing sound, he added. The left hand, having turned over rhythmic duties to the right, serves a far more elastic purpose. Crudely put, if the right hand sketches the outlines of the painting, the left fills in the colors and textures. The right hand creates the chocolate shell of a bonbon, and the left hand fashions the filling.

Its main practical use is to give cues to sections or individual players about when to enter and when to cut off, often with a pointed index finger. A pulling in of the left hand and a closing of the thumb and fingers can cause a phrase to taper away.

A quick downward cupping clips off the sound. DePreist ran through the sometimes inexplicable left-hand practices of others: William Steinberg would rub his fingers together, as in the universal symbol for money. His left hand is in constant motion. He tries to keep it sideways to the orchestra, he said, so the heel of his hand will not seem a symbolic barrier to the musicians.

At another Juilliard rehearsal Mr. A rising index finger with each beat indicated more volume. At loud chords, he cupped his hand upward. A downward cupped hand called for a sustained line. Pounding martial chords yielded a fist. A flat hand, palm downward, called for smoothness. Repeated entrances came with pistol shot motions.

Selections from Porgy and Bess

View all New York Times newsletters. Gilbert notes that professional musicians do not have to be told when in the measure to come in. He often prepares for a cue by looking at a player ahead of time, to establish a connection and to build energy.

A Woman Is a Sometime Thing

Gilbert said. Engaging the musicians with a look can relax and encourage them.

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  • Remaining without expression can be helpful for musician morale. Yet raised eyebrows can be subtle conveyors of dissatisfaction. The face becomes all the more important when the hands are otherwise occupied, as when a conductor simultaneously plays a keyboard, a common practice of early-music specialists like Mr.

    Zhang said.

    Porgy and Bess (Gershwin, George)

    The eyes are the window of the heart. They show how you feel about the music. A squint , for example, can convey a distant quality to the music, Mr. DePreist said. One trick to creating a good orchestral sound is to look at the players in the back of the string section. Everything I do, I try to do relying on expression and visual contact. Sometimes it is just as important not to look at the musicians, especially during major solos. It can keep the player from being nervous. And then there is the rare case of the conductor who leads with closed eyes and produces great performances, as Herbert von Karajan often did.

    Leonard Bernstein was one of the most physically expressive conductors in modern times, which sometimes earned him the scorn of critics. But he was also capable of conducting with the subtlest of facial expressions, as evidenced by a classic YouTube video in which his eyebrows dance, lips purse and eyes widen.

    The quality could be cold, majestic, aloof, marbled. Zhang pushes forward to achieve more intensity from the orchestra. Sometimes she leans back to have the musicians play softer. Conductors often speak of the importance of breathing: of inhaling in time to an upbeat to prepare for an entrance, much the way a singer draws a breath before starting.

    For Mr. Bicket breathing as conducting is a necessity. If his hands are otherwise occupied playing a harpsichord or an organ, his cue for entrances often comes with an audible breath. The nature of that breath can affect the playing. A sharp intake creates a harder-edged sound. In the interviews the conductors made it clear that for them body movements take a back seat to mental preparation and musical ideas residing in another body part, the brain. Confusion comes from that split second of hesitation, when the mind is deciding what gesture to show.